Thyroid may be a small butterfly-shaped gland found at the bottom of your neck, slightly below your Adam’s apple. This gland makes hormones that travel in your blood to all or any parts of your body. The hormone controls your body’s metabolism in some ways, including how briskly you burn calories and the way fast your heart beats

The thyroid is found below the Adam’s apple wrapped round the trachea (windpipe). A thin area of tissue within the gland’s middle, referred to as the isthmus, joins the 2 thyroid lobes on all sides.


  • Women are more likely than men to possess thyroid disease.
  • Problems together with your menstrual period
  • Problems getting pregnant
  • Problems during pregnancy


  • Weight Gain or Loss
  • Swelling in the Neck
  • Changes in Energy or Mood
  • Hair Loss
  • Feeling Too Cold or Hot


  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Goiter
  • Thyroid nodules
  • Thyroid cancer


Hypothyroidism is when your thyroid doesn’t make enough thyroid hormones. It is also called underactive thyroid. This slows down many of your body’s functions, like your metabolism. Hyperthyroidism affects about 1 percent of women. It’s less common in men.


  • Fatigue
  • Poor concentration or feeling mentally
  • Dry skin
  • Constipation
  • Feeling cold
  • Fluid retention
  • Muscle and joint aches
  • Depression
  • Prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding in women
  • Dry, thinning hair
  • Slow heart rate